Some people mistakenly believe that it is rare or impossible for sexually transmitted infections to be spread through oral sex. It is essential that sexually active people understand how STIs are transmitted and how they can reduce the risk of spreading infections. It is possible to contract many STIs through oral sex, as oral sex involves close contact and often an exchange of bodily fluids. Different STIs spread at different rates and through various bodily fluids.
Anyone who engages in oral sex with somebody who has a sexually transmitted disease can contract the disease themselves. Oral sex refers to when a person puts their mouth, tongue, or lips on the genitals or anus of another person. Sexually transmitted diseases STDs that people can pass on through oral sex can infect multiple parts of the body, including the:. In this article, we take a look at STDs that people can spread through oral sex and their signs and symptoms. Gonorrhea is an STD that Neisseria gonorrhoeae bacteria cause. People can get gonorrhea as a result of having oral sex with someone who has a gonorrhea infection in the throat, vagina, penis, urinary tract, or rectum. Gonorrhea is treatable with antibiotics , though some strains have now become resistant to antibiotics. If people continue to experience symptoms after receiving treatment for gonorrhoea, they should see their doctor again. If a person does not seek treatment for gonorrhea, it can cause serious health complications, including:. Chlamydia is a common bacterial infection that Chlamydia trachomatis bacteria can cause.
Skip links and keyboard navigation
This means that oral sex using the mouth, lips, or tongue poses the same risks as other sexual activities. The only way to prevent transmission and reduce your risk of infection is to use a genital or dental condom for every sexual encounter. Keep reading to learn which STDs and STIs can be spread through oral sex, the symptoms to look out for, and how to get tested. Chlamydia is caused by the bacteria chlamydia trachomatis. Chlamydia can be passed through oral sex, but the infection is more likely to be transmitted through anal or vaginal sex. Chlamydia affects the throat, genitals, urinary tract, and rectum. When symptoms do appear, they can include a sore throat. The CDC estimates there are about , new infections of gonorrhea each year, with , affecting people ages 15 to Gonorrhea can be passed through oral sex, but the infection is more likely to be transmitted through anal or vaginal sex.
So you know about using condoms to prevent pregnancy and contracting STIs during sexual intercourse, but what about using protection during oral sex? While the risk of contracting most STIs from oral sex is lower than for vaginal or anal sex, there is still the risk of transmission. HPV , or human papillomavirus, is well known for causing the development of abnormal cells that can lead to cervical cancer, but can also cause mouth and throat cancer. Condoms and dental dams can be used to protect all parties involved in oral sex. Condoms should be placed completely covering the penis. Condoms need to be thrown away after each use and changed between having oral sex and penetrative sex. Dental dams can be used to cover the vulva and vagina or anus. Dental dams can be purchased, or made by cutting the tip and the ring off a regular condom, then cutting the condom open and laying it flat. Dental dams should also be used only once then thrown away.